If you are in junior college or even school, then you must follow the project report writing methodology suggested by the respective educational board.
In general, there are certains points to note about your project allotment and write up, as follows:
The very first step is to contact your concerned teacher and ask him/her to allot a particular EVS project of the teacher’s choice or your choice.
Please note here that there is no such rule prescribed by the SSC or HSC Board, about particular project allotment. So the concerned teacher should not force the student to work on this or that project. Let the student choose the project as per his/her choice…!
Student must refer to the prescribed list of projects. This list is readily available in your school or college. If the teacher is not showing you the list, you must request to give one.
The Framework of Project Report
Divide your project task into neat and systematic heads as follows and then start working on them. Remember, the assessment of your project is done on the basis of distribution of heads prescribed by the SSC or HSC board, as given below:
- The explanation behind the select of the project – 10 max. marks
- Objectives of the project – 4 max. marks
- Review of literature – 4 max. marks
- Relevance of the topics covered with selected project – 4 max. marks
- Proposed methodology – 8 max. marks
- Description of method followed – 8 max. marks
- Observations – 2 max. marks
- Analysis of the project work – 4 max. marks
- Result/Conclusion/Findings – 2 max. marks
- The standard of report writing – 4 max. marks
- Oral/Viva voice (here you must prepare the basic theme of your project orally!) – 10 max. marks
Thus (30+30)/2 = 30 max. marks plus 20 max. marks for journal assignments.
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So don’t use any titles you like in the project. Always use the prescribed titles and then write the relevant information for that topic. The prescribed headings are as under:
Give a brief introduction of your project. Write relevant information, which will be understood even by a commoner. The introduction plays a very important role when your project is “looked over” (not over looked!) by your teacher.
Remember, first impression is the last impression. So write very systematically in this part of your project.
Reason of Project Selection
You must be logical about giving reason behind the selection of your project. Think on following points to write details of this part.
- Is it a social cause to create social awareness in people? – giving a social cause is more impressive, just a suggestion!
- Have you already done some research on this topic? – If so, then give detailed account.
- Are you motivated about selecting this project? – discuss the details
- Is it due to your personal interest? – give your likes and dislikes
Enlist the objectives of your project. For example, if you have selected the project of “Mosquito densities are significantly positively correlated with tree densities”. Then the list of objectives will be something like this:
- To find out the real world mosquito densities in forest, stagnated water bodies, sewage water pipes, septic tanks, garbage dump grounds, gardens, dark areas, swampy areas – where there are diverse tree densities
- To find the exact cause of relevant mosquito densities due to surrounding effects
- To compare different readings of mosquito densities as per findings
- To find out the root cause of mosquito densities, etc.
Give detailed account of your proposed methodology.
- Initial steps which you took for starting up with your task
- Classified account of your steps
- Have you used any apparatus in your method? Give brief details.
Classify your observations first. Giving the observations in tabular form is always impressive. Use following points while writing your observations.
- Give relevant title to each of the column in your observation table
- Classify the sets of our observations or readings
- Give necessary formula, if any, at the header row of relevant column
- If you have number of different sets of observations, then use separate tables for each
- Draw relevant diagrams wherever necessary
Compare your observations
- Use tabular form of comparison with points
- Use pie charts to create good impression for your findings
- Lastly give comparison result
Give detailed and step-by-step conclusions. You can make a list of your systematic comparisons from the sets of your observations like conclusion-1, conclusion-2, etc.
Give brief account of your findings. Here also you can give tabular form of your findings.
Give detailed analysis of your project. Be bold about giving your own opinion and even your friends opinion about your step-by-step work.
Remember, don’t praise your project here. This part is not like an acknowledgement.
Give detailed list of references you used. Be open minded here and give all the details of the references you used like books, abstracts, synopses, websites, friends journals, etc.
If you referred different websites, given detailed links of the pages where you found the references.
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